of our plants come with our complimentary care
guide, which we have developed during twenty
years of firsthand experience and offer to assist
our customers in the care of our products.
guide consists of three separate catagories
regarding the care of our plants. They are divided
into categories according to Temperature, Watering
Requirements, and Lighting Requirements. An
example of the code is I/MM/PS, the care guide,
corresponding to those letters explains what
that code means. Please understand that this
is intended only for plants supplied by Meehan’s
Miniatures and is in no way intended to offer
tips on care for other growers’ plants.
I - INDOOR
Our Indoor plants are Tropical or Subtropical plants
that are not winter hardy. Therefore they need a house
or greenhouse for winter growing. These plants may
be moved outdoors in warmer weather as long as the
change is not too severe, i.e., do not move a Bonsai
from medium or lower light to full outdoor sun. Do
not move them outdoors until the average low temperature
is 50 degrees Fahrenheit, and bring them in before
the temperature falls below 50 degrees Fahrenheit.
An increase in indoor humidity will benefit the plant(s).
(Some possible ways of boosting humidity include:
humidity trays, misting. vaporizers, and more).
Our outdoor materials are winter hardy and actually
require the cold winter dormancy to survive. Though
these plants are hardy, they do need protection from
sudden temperature changes, winds, and sun-scald.
Some possible methods of protection are:
1. Plant Bonsai with or without container in the ground
in an area protected from the harsh winter elements.
2. Plants may be wintered in an unheated garage with
windows. Deciduous material can be kept in a windowless
cold place after they have lost their leaves.
3. For small collections, single trees, and apartment
dwellers, Bonsai and pot may be placed in a well-drained,
insulated box. Make sure that both the bottom and
sides of the container are well insulated. A deciduous
tree needs proper protection of its trunk and branches.
i.e., a protective layer of burlap.
4. A more involved method recommended for larger collections
is housing plants in a white poly-ethelyne structure.
If this method is employed take care to ventilate
the structure when temperatures rise inside it.
These are a few of many possible wintering techniques.
To protect Bonsai successfully, keep all conditions
as constant as possible. Soil should be kept slightly
damp, never wet and never bone dry.
— COOL HOUSE
This group of plants can be grown indoors or outdoors
if conditions are suitable. They prefer outdoor conditions
between spring and late fall.
these plants are being kept indoors year-round, follow
the indoor instructions and try to keep them in a
cooler area of the house. When grown only in house
conditions these plants will only thrive in the brightest
natural light or under intense fluorescent light.
The plant should be no more than 18 inches from the
tube (check an indoor light gardening book for particulars).
If they are kept outdoors during part of the year,
follow the instructions for care of outdoor plants.
a plant and especially a Bonsai is perhaps the most
critical part of its care. It should be done early
in the day so that the leaves dry before the temperature
drops in the evening. Many factors need be taken into
consideration when learning how to water. The species’
moisture preference, the soil mix, the time of year,
and weather conditions, all affect a plant’s
watering needs. For instance, a plant that enjoys
dryer soil conditions may require water twice a day
during hot, dry summer weather. The same plant may
require water twice a week or less in the winter or
during cool, cloudy weather. The same plant may actually
need shelter from extended rainy periods so that the
soil does not stay wet. Always water your tree thoroughly
so that all portions of the roots are given equal
moisture. The following definitions apply to moisture
throughout the soil, not just the surface.
With these plants soil needs to be consistently moist
and should not dry out below the soil's surface. During
winter dormancy plants reduce their intake of water.
To keep the roots healthy and rot-free, they often
require slight reductions in their watering needs.
Plants in this category generally prefer that the
soil be kept damp, never wet.
These plants need a more porous soil so that they
do not retain too much moisture. These are not desert
plants, however. The soil should become almost completely
dry between waterings.
terms define minimum light requirements. Low light
plants will grow better under moderate light levels.
It is wise to remember that the sun is strongest between
the hours of 11 am and 2 pm and, when possible, trees
should not be exposed to direct sunlight between these
times Trees grown indoors should never be placed on
top of a television or other heat source nor should
they be placed in the direct path of air or heat ducts.
Outdoor trees, which are grown under higher light
levels during summer heat waves, tend to dry more
quicker than other materials.
Plants that need 4 to 6 hours of sun, or all day in
light shade. These plants can grow in full sun throughout
the day, but only an experienced Bonsai grower should
Plants in this category benefit from 2 to 3 hours
of direct, daily sun. They may burn if exposed to
sun between 11 am and 3 pm. They will grow equally
well in light to moderate shade all day.
direct sunlight should reach these plants. They grow
in moderate to heavily shaded areas, like the north
side of a building or under the shade of a larger
tree or porch.
These plants require a southern window or intense
fluorescent light. During summer, plants receiving
southern exposure should be partially protected, either
by moving them away from windows, lightly shading
windows during the hottest hours of the day, or moving
them to east or west facing windows in June and through
August. These plants can also be grown under intense
fluorescent light (center tube 12 to 15 inches from
tree top to bulb).
Place these plants in an east or west-facing window
that receives some direct daily sunlight throughout
the year. Place 3 to 5 feet from a southern window,
or place a fluorescent tube 1to 3 feet from the tree’s
tops. These plants should receive 10 or more hours
of daily light.
These plants are suitable for a northern window or
a shaded east or west facing window. If grown under
fluorescent lights, place the plant within 8 feet
of the tube to receive light at least 10 hours daily.
Miniatures does not recommend a specific brand of
fertilizer. We do suggest using a fertilizer that
contains trace elements. Trees are generally fed fertilizer
during the growing season, not during dormant periods,
and should not be fed during summer days when temperatures
reach the mid-90s. If using encapsulated, slow-release
fertilizers follow the package directions. The amount
of soluble fertilizer used on trees depends on how
frequently you plan to fertilize. If fertilizing every
other week, use 1/4 strength solution; if fertilizing
weekly, use 1/8 strength solution.